Through the eyes of the H1N1 virus, a Catholic church is a playground. The font of holy water near the church entrance is a great place for the virus to leap from one person to another.The passing of the peace, during which parishioners shake hands, is yet another favorite place for the virus. And then there's Communion: The priest puts the host, or wafer, on a parishioner's tongue or into the person's hand, and then does the same for the next person. Often, he then serves wine from a common cup. It's wiped clean each time, but that's no guarantee it's virus-free.Bishop Mitchell Rozanski of Baltimore said these rituals have prompted a flood of questions."How should we deal with the distribution of Holy Communion?" he said. "Should we stop shaking hands at the sign of peace? Should we take [out] the holy water fonts as soon as the flu season begins?"Rozanski is asking priests to use lots of hand sanitizer. But the bishop said a word from health officials that a pandemic has started could lead him to shut down churches.
Like Rozanski, Rabbi Moshe Waldoks at Temple Beth Zion in Brookline, Mass., has been thinking about swine flu a lot lately. The High Holy Days begin Friday, and he expects about 900 people at services. He'll ask his congregants to greet each other a little differently this year."I'm suggesting bowing to each other with a little Buddhist bow," he said, "or the Obama fist bump could really be very good."And what about passing the Torah around the congregation? Some people kiss it, while others touch their prayer shawls to it."I might say before we walk around with it, 'If you've any concerns about stuff, this year maybe offer a wave instead of a kiss,' " Waldoks said. "I'm sure the Torah will understand."
For Muslims, Friday prayers are the centerpiece of the faith and a potential viral hotbed. Imam Johari Abdul-Malik of Dar Al Hijrah Islamic Center in Falls Church, Va., says 3,000 people come to worship there each week.
The imam said believers are loath to change these rituals because they're so deeply rooted in the Quran. "How do you now convince them that what they used to do is now not permissible?" he asked.For example, Malik says, the Quran says that when two believers shake hands in greeting, their sins fall away. Some people may feel cheated of blessing if they have to stop that practice."You come to the mosque, and nobody wants to shake your hand, no one's going to embrace you. You're like, 'What's going on? What's kind of place is this? Where are the blessings?' " he said. "And you have to say, 'Today the blessing is in resisting shaking hands.' "
Okay, little confused by this one. The church is responding to the potential threat that H1N1 poses within their ceremony. However, on September 16, 2009, The Economist reported that Pope Benedict XVI visited Africa as a pontiff. He was quoted as having said that HIV: "is a tragedy ... that cannot be overcome through the distribution of condoms, which even aggravates the problems," the 81-year-old pontiff said. Sub-Saharan Africa is more heavily affected by AIDS than any other region of the world. Nearly two-thirds of all adults and children with HIV live in the region, according to a 2006 report by UNAIDS. It further reports that 60 Catholic groups wrote him an open letter last year urging him to rethink the churches position on condom use. I could be reading this wrong, but here is how I take it. They will work with H1N1. However, condom use will only serve to aggravate the epidemic in Africa.